Small, broken capillaries or blood vessels on the face are something that many people experience.
Capillaries are small and fine, part of the circulatory system that connect veins and arteries. Capillaries are fragile and can easily break. Broken capillaries, medically called telangiectasia, occur when the vessels become enlarged and dilated.
Broken capillaries are more prominent around your nose, cheeks and mouth.
While for some the problem is hereditary in nature, broken capillaries on your face can also occur due to extreme weather conditions, exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) sunrays, rosacea, or drinking too much alcohol. In some cases, sneezing or vomiting can cause the capillaries to pop.
While broken blood vessels or capillaries do not pose any health risk, they are unsightly and can give a red, blotchy appearance to your face.
There are many simple and effective home remedies for broken capillaries. These remedies help shrink the dilated capillaries and reduce the redness on your face.
Here are the top 10 ways to get rid of broken capillaries on your face.
1. Cold Compress
To reduce the redness and blotchy appearance on your face, you can apply a cold compress on the affected area.
The cold temperature helps contract the blood vessels underneath the skin, which restricts the extra blood flowing in the vessels, making them look thinner and normal. This in turn reduces the redness due to broken blood vessels or any other reason.
- Wrap some ice cubes in a thin towel.
- Gently rub the compress all over your face for 1 minute.
- Take a break for 10 minutes.
- Repeat again as needed.
You can also make a cold compress with chilled chamomile tea. Simply refrigerate the tea for 20 minutes, then soak a clean washcloth in it and place it on your face for a few minutes.
Caution: Do not apply ice directly on the skin, as it can damage the skin cells.
2. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is another good remedy to deal with the symptoms of broken capillaries on your face. Its anti-inflammatory nature can reduce the redness and swelling associated with broken capillaries.
Also, it helps keep the skin moisturized, which is important for healthy and even skin color.
- Massage your face with fresh aloe vera gel. Wait 30 minutes, then take your bath. Do this once daily.
- Cut an aloe vera leaf lengthwise and put it in a refrigerator for a couple of hours. Apply the chilled gel on the affected skin. Do this once daily before going to sleep.
3. Witch Hazel
Witch hazel can help combat redness on the face due to broken capillaries. Witch hazel is high in tannins and volatile oils and even has astringent and anti-inflammatory effects.
It can constrict the blood vessels under the surface of your skin, which in turn minimizes the redness.
- Soak a cotton ball in some witch hazel extract.
- Dab it on the affected area.
- Wait 10 minutes, then rinse the skin with cool water.
- Repeat 2 or 3 times a day for a few days.
4. Apple Cider Vinegar
You can also use apple cider vinegar to reduce the look of broken blood vessels on your face. It contains anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce skin redness associated with broken capillaries.
Always dilute apple cider vinegar before applying it on your skin.
- Dilute 1 tablespoon of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar with 3 tablespoons of water. Soak a cotton pad in it and apply it on the broken capillaries on your face. Leave it on for up to 15 minutes before rinsing it off. Repeat twice a day.
- Also, mix 2 teaspoons of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and 1 teaspoon of raw honey into 1 cup of filtered water. Drink the mixture twice daily to help heal the blood capillaries from within.
5. Vitamin C and Lysine
Both vitamin C and the amino acid lysine are beneficial for skin health. Taking vitamin C and lysine can help reduce the appearance of broken blood vessels on your face.
Vitamin C in particular can help strengthen your blood vessels. A 2013 study published in Antioxidant & Redox Signaling reports that vitamin C plays an important role in circulation and keeping blood vessels healthy.
When combined with lysine, vitamin C helps blood vessels retain their elasticity and helps collagen form on the membrane of blood vessels.
- Some foods that are rich in Vitamin C include oranges, kale, red peppers, broccoli, strawberries, grapefruit and guava. For lysine, you can eat foods like cheese, turkey, fish, shrimp, shellfish, beans, peas and lentils.
- You can opt to take vitamin C and lysine supplements, after consulting with your doctor to determine the correct dosage.
Also include nutrients like zinc, selenium, copper and vitamin K in your diet; a deficiency of these can make you susceptible to developing broken capillaries.
Arnica is helpful for treating broken capillaries. Being a natural anti-inflammatory agent, arnica aids circulation and reduces the redness on your face.
It also helps keep the skin moisturized, which is important for healthy skin tone.
- Mix ½ cup of coconut oil and ¼ cup of dried arnica flowers in a jar.
- Put the lid on and keep the jar in a sunny place for 2 to 3 weeks.
- Strain out the arnica flowers.
- Apply the oil on the broken blood vessels and massage gently.
- Use it 2 or 3 times a day.