How to Prevent and Control a Bed Bug Infestation


Bed bugs can give you sleepless nights worrying about how to get rid of them.

As the tiny bugs love to hide, most people are not even aware of the problem until they’ve been bitten by the bed bugs. Small patches of red spots in a pattern and itchiness are the classic signs of bed bug bites.

Treating bed bug bites is not the solution. You need to deal with the root of the problem – the bed bugs.

Bed bugs are one of the most difficult pests to eradicate quickly. This is because they tend to hide during the daytime in the corners of the bed as well as in the cracks and crevices in your house, hard-to-reach furniture corners, headboards, picture frames and electrical outlet plates.

At nighttime, they come out of their hiding places and start feeding on the blood of humans as well as pets.

It is important to control the growth of bed bugs as soon as you realize that they are in your house, or else they will start multiplying more and more.

Hiring a professional for bed bug control is expensive and not a feasible solution for many. But you can get rid of bed bugs in your home with some hard work, diligence and patience. Then, you can take steps to prevent them from coming back. However, in case of a heavy infestation, you may need professional help.

Here are some tips to prevent and control bed bugs.

1. Examine Your Bed Carefully

Bedrooms are the principal location for bed bugs, so you need to start searching for the tiny bugs in the bedrooms first. Also, search any other places where people sleep, like your sofa set.

Carefully inspect the mattress, box spring and bed frame. If you notice bed bugs, there is no need to throw your bed away.

examine your bed carefully to find bed bugs

Vacuuming the area thoroughly can remove many adult bed bugs and nymphs, but it isn’t very effective at removing eggs; for that you will have to wash the bedding. After vacuuming up the suspected bed bugs from the bed, take your vacuum cleaner outdoors to remove and discard the bag.

Once done, isolate your bed from the rest of the house, then thoroughly examine the room. If needed, use an interceptor, a sticky card that is placed under a bed post and works as a great trap for bed bugs.

2. Check Other Places

Once you are done with your bed and bedroom, it’s time to focus on other areas where bed bugs may be hiding.

check other places for bed bugs

Use a flashlight and credit card to search out bed bugs. Simply move the card along cracks and crevices in your house to push out the bugs.

  • Check all furniture pieces and anything that has a cushion. Do not forget to check any recessed screw holes in a dresser or other furniture.
  • Carefully check all cracks and crevices around windows, outlets, blinds, pictures, posters and clocks on walls, baseboards and so on.
  • Do not forget to check under the edges of carpets and any other crevices or void areas in the room.

You can use hot soapy water to wipe up the bugs, blood stains, droppings, eggs and shed skins off your furniture.

3. Clean Up the Clutter

To prevent bed bugs from returning, you need to reduce the number of places where they can hide. In fact, a cluttered home is a more comfortable place for bed bugs to live. Also, cluttered areas can be hard to treat.

clean up clutter to remove bed bugs

Clean your house regularly and discard anything that you do not need. Avoid throwing unused things in your storeroom, though. Less clutter also means you can clean and vacuum your house more conveniently.

If using a canister vacuum, immediately empty the contents into a plastic bag, seal it and throw it away in a garbage can that can be sealed tightly. Then, clean the vacuum thoroughly. If you are using a vacuum with a bag, immediately remove the bag and seal it in plastic for disposal.

If possible, discard low-value, stuffed furniture that is infested and too difficult to treat.

4. Wash Your Bedding Regularly

Change and wash your bedsheets and blankets regularly. In fact, any fabric curtains or clothes that touch the floor should be washed on a regular basis.

wash your bedding to control bed bug infestation

Use the highest temperature the fabric can withstand for washing and drying. If washing is not recommended for a particular item, dry it for 30 minutes at the highest temperature the item can withstand.

As bed bugs and their eggs can hide in laundry hampers, it is highly recommended to clean them also when you do the laundry.

If you can’t wash everything right away, collect the linens and dirty clothes and seal them in plastic bags until they can be washed to reduce the chance of spreading bed bugs.

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How to Prevent and Control a Bed Bug Infestation

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